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Abstract In this study, we derived a Discrete Euler–Lagrange (DEL) equation to represent the motion of a multibody system, in which many bodies are connected physically by joints or wire ropes. By discretizing and re-formulating the traditional Euler–Lagrange equation, we obtained a discrete time integrator, called the Stömer–Verlet method. Similarly, we discretized the equations of constraints of joints and wire ropes by the midpoint rule. Then, we adapted regularization and stabilization methods, to overcome numerical instability and the stiffness problem.

The DEL equation can be formulated automatically, by defining the equations of joint constraints and their derivatives. In addition, the stretching of the wire rope is mathematically modeled as constraints for stability. To apply the DEL equation to a floating vessel, hydrostatic and hydrodynamic forces are considered as external forces.

We applied the DEL equation to a mass–spring system with the large spring coefficient. And we tested a spring pendulum modeled by a constraint-based wire rope. Despite the large spring coefficient, the DEL equation with the constraint-based wire rope shows relatively stable motion. We tested the automatic formulation by three-dimensional multiple pendulums. Finally, we simulated a floating crane and a heavy load connected by constraint-based wire rope, based on set of regular waves with different wave heights, directions and periods.
Publication Date 2015-11-15
Key Words Discrete Euler-Lagrange equation; Multibody dynamics; Floating crane; Constraint-based wire rope; Joint constraint
SCI SCI
Impact Factor 1.351
ISSN 0029-8018
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2015.08.050
Seung-Ho Ham, Myung-Il Roh, Hye-Won Lee, Sol Ha, "Multibody dynamic analysis of a heavy load suspended by a floating crane with constraint-based wire rope," Ocean Engineering, vol. 109, pp. 145-160, 2015.11.15.

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